Minggu, 17 April 2011


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Causative adalah Kalimat yang menyatakan bahwa orang lain lah yang melakukan pekerjaan untuk subjek kalimat. Bentuk Causative ini beraneka ragam. Anda dapat menggunakan salah satu dari penjelasan di bawah ini: Selamat belajar:

1. Active Causative

a. Causative "Have

Rumus: Subject + have/has + someone + kata kerja Bentuk I

  1. I have him clean my shoes (saya menyuruhnya membersihkan sepatuku)
  2. Mary has George climbs the tree
  3. You must haveSusie study hard
b. Causative "Get"

Rumus: Subject + Get + someone + 
to infinitive

  1. He gets John to brush the shoes
  2. They get me to wash the clothes
  3. She will get Anne to accompany her to the party tomorrow
2. Passive Causative

Rumus: Subject + have/get + object + kata kerja Bentuk III

  1. The government got the bridge built quickly
  2. We must have the floor cleaned as soon as possible

a. Causative 

Penggunaannya sama dengan causative di atas, namun perintahnya lebih keras (sedikit memaksa)

Rumus: Subject + Make + someone + 
Kata kerja bentuk I

  1. The teacher always makes the students stay in their own seats
  2. Bob made his son be quiet in the library
b. Causative "Want"

Rumus: Subject + Want + object + 
Kata Kerja Bentuk III

  1. I  want  this chairs painted (saya mau kursi-kursi ini dicat)
  2. He wants the cars repaired
Causative merupakan bentuk kalimat perintah, dimana subjek pada kalimat causative menghendaki orang lain melakukan sesuatu seperti yang dikehendaki oleh si subjek. Dengan demikian pekerjaan tersebut tidak dilakukan oleh si subjek tapi oleh orang lain. Kata kerja causative HAVE and GET  sama maknanya dengan ORDER, ASK n WANT (menyuruh).


Berdasarkan maknanya, secara umum CAUSATIVE bisa kita kelompokkan   menjadi 2 yaitu :

1.   CAUSATIVE ACTIVE ( Menyuruh ORANG me/ber..)

a.     S   +  Causative HAMIL / LEMAH  +  Object Orang  + V1

HAMIL = Have, Make, Let
LEMAH= Let, Make, Have

Examples :
1.       Mr. Is9ni lets the students write on their book.
                       = Mr. Is9ni allows the students to write on their book.
                                                    2.   Mr.Dhany made all the audience laugh yesterday.
                       = Mr.Dhany caused all the audience to laugh yesterday.
                                      3.    Mrs. Yumi had Mrs. Sri translate her English hand-written composition.
        = Mrs. Yumi asked Mrs. Sri to translate her English hand-written composition.

b.     S  +  Causative GOWA  +  Object Orang  +  TO V1

GOWA = Get, Order, Want, Ask

Examples :
Romy got his maid to clean the dishes.
                = Romi asked his maid to clean the dishes.
                = Romi had his maid clean the dishes.

2.   CAUSATIVE PASSIVE ( Menyuruh BENDA di…) :

S  +  Have/Get  +  Object BENDA  +  V3

Examples :
1.   My father got/had his hair cut.
       = My father asked the barber( someone else) to cut his hair.
2.   Lina will get her car repaired.
       = Lina will order/ask someone( a mechanic) to repair her car.

Kedua bentuk baik Causative Active maupun Causative Passive bermakna sama yaitu menyuruh orang untuk melakukan sesuatu.


01.   As I was talking to a client, my phone rang, I had ….
(A)     to answer the call
(B)    answering the call
(C)    asked to answer the call
(D)    answered the call
(E)     my secretary answer the call

02.   'I need this book on biology, but I can't afford to buy it.'
'What you can do is….
(A)     having photocopied the units you need
(B)    you want to photocopy the units you need
(C)    to have the units you need photocopied
(D)    you have photocopied the units you need
(E)     have you photocopy the units you need.

03.   ‘Can you send this letter for me? I'm in a hurry.'
'Don't worry. I will have Tina … it for you.'
(A)     fax
(B)    faxed
(C)    will fax
(D)    faxes
(E)     to fax

04.   'How can you determine students' ability in writing?'
‘…. a 1,500-word essay!'
(A)     The students write
(B)    Have the students write
(C)    The students are writing
(D)    Have the students to write
(E)     The students have written

05.   ‘There are students who want to take the new course.'
 '…. before Friday, please.'
(A)     To register
(B)    Registration is
(C)    Having registered
(D)    Have them register
(E)     Have to register

06.   The teacher had students who didn't bring their identification cards …. the auditorium where the exams were held. 
(A)     left
(B)    to leave   
(C)    leaves
(D)    leave        
(E)     leaving

07.   'I spilled some ink on my coat.'
       'You must…. at the laundry immediately.'
(A)     clean it
(B)    have clean it
(C)    have to clean it
(D)    have to be clean it .  
(E)     have it cleaned

08.   'I don't think you can translate the whole book by yourself.'
'You're right I'd like to…. a part of it for me.'
(A)     have you translate
(B)    you have translated
(C)    have translated for you
(D)    you have to translate
(E)     have been translating

09.   It is impossible for us to translate the whole book within 2 weeks. So we….
(A)     have to translate it all by ourselves
(B)    have some assistants help us
(C)    have translated the whole book
(D)    have been asked to translate it
(E)     have given all the translation to the assistants

10.   'What's wrong with the computer, Widi? Can't you do anything about it?'  
‘There appears to be an error in the computer program.  I will have the matter dealt with immediately.'
This means that Widi ….
(A)     is going to fix it immediately
(B)    asked his boss to deal with it
(C)    is going to deal with the computer
(D)    will ask someone to fix it for him
(E)     has dealt with such a problem before
11.   The curtails of my room need washing.'
        'Well, go to the laundry and ….'
(A)     wash them
(B)    they are washed
(C)    it should wash them
(D)    have them washed
(E)     make them wash

12.   My little brother had scattered all his toys on my bed, so I had him…. the bed before night fell.
(A)     clear
(B)    to clear
(C)    cleared
(D)    be clearing
(E)     to be cleared

13.   'Why are you taking the car to the garage?'
(A)     I will check the brakes myself
(B)    The brakes will be checked
(C)    I will have checked the brakes
(D)    I will have the brakes checked
(E)     The brakes will have been checked

14.   'I fixed the light in the bathroom yesterday, but it went out again today.'
'Why don't you have an electrician ___ it.'
(A)     checking
(B)    checked
(C)    to checked
(D)    check
(E)     checks

15.   'I've tried to fix my motorbike, but it is still not running well.'
'Why don't you have a mechanic …. it?'
(A)     check
(B)    in checking
(C)    checking
(D)    checked
(E)     to check

16.   Rudi broke his leg in the accident; therefore, …. drive him to his work.
(A)     he doesn't have to ask Amir to
(B)    he won't have to get anybody
(C)    Amir has asked Rudi
(D)    Amir doesn't have to
(E)     He will have Amir

17.   The fact that he was put into prison for something he had not done made his wife….
(A)     cry
(B)    to be crying
(C)    cried
(D)    to cry
(E)     crying

18.   'This cake is delicious; is it home made?'
'You know it isn't; …..'
(A)     I baked it myself
(B)    Lucy asked me to bake it
(C)    It was I who baked it
(D)    I had Lucy bake it
(E)     I had to bake it

19.   'After I finished my article, I had it edited.’
This means that ….
(A)     I had edited my article
(B)    My article would be edited
(C)    Somebody edited my article
(D)    I was asked to edit my article
(E)     I had to edit my article myself

20.   ‘This English text on Biology is too difficult to read.'
'Well, you'd better….'
(A)     translate it
(B)    have it translated
(C)    have to translate it
(D)    have translate it
(E)     to translate

21.   'I'm having trouble with my computer again. I've done everything I can but it doesn't work properly.'
'Why don't you have Darno …. it?'
(A)     to fix
(B)    fix
(C)    fixing
(D)    fixed
(E)     he fixed

22.   The schoolmaster had the students…. their lessons before the exam.
(A)     to review
(B)    reviewing
(C)    review
(D)    reviewed
(E)     they reviewed

23.   'I can't read this letter. I don’t understand French at all.'
‘Idon't either, but let's….
(A)     translate it
(B)    have it translated
(C)    to translate it
(D)    have translated it
(E)     have to translate

24.   'Do I have to go to the post office to get my package?'
'No. You can ….'.
(A)     have delivered it
(B)    deliver it
(C)    have it to be delivered
(D)    have to deliver it
(E)     have it delivered

25.   I don't have much time to do all my household work, so I always ….
(A)     help somebody
(B)    have helped somebody
(C)    have to help somebody
(D)    have somebody help me
(E)     to have me help somebody

26.   We are going on a long trip, so we must…
(A)     have checked the car
(B)    have had the car checked
(C)    have the car checked
(D)    have the car checked
(E)     had the car checked

27.   The fact that he was put into prison for something he had not done made his wife….
(A)     cry
(B)    to be crying
(C)    cried
(D)    to cry
(E)     crying

28.   Rani has beautiful plants in her garden, but they all seem to be dying. I am sure that she
(A)     seldom has them watered
(B)    has been watering them
(C)    has asked somebody to water them
(D)    has always watered them
(E)     never has to water them

29.   'Is your car new?’
'No, I…at my brother's garage.’
(A)     had only painted it
(B)    only had it painted
(C)    had to paint it only
(D)    only had painted
(E)     had been asked to paint it

30.   We have our neighbor check our house whenever we go on vacation.
This means that: every time we go on vacation, ….
(A)     we first check the house with our neigh­bor
(B)    we don't let our neighbor check our house
(C)    our neighbor comes to check our house
(D)    we have checked our neighbor's house
(E)     we ask someone to check our neigh­bor's house

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2 komentar:

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